6 Types of Injuries Treated with Physiotherapy

6 Types of Injuries Treated with Physiotherapy

Ouch my shoulder hurts!

How did I hurt it?

Where is it coming from?

Can I still work?

Can I still exercise?

Should I go to my Doctor or my Physiotherapist to check it out?

Have you often asked yourself who should you see to help you with an injury? You are not alone.

Many of our clients ask these same questions when pain arises.

Recently, a client at our clinic came for shoulder pain. It took her over a month to see us at Sporting Edge Physiotherapy in Vaughan.

She first waited to see if the pain would go away on its own.
After two days it did not go away and she started taking anti-inflammatory medications.
After a week of terrible sleep she went to Dr. Google and decided to do some research about shoulder pain treatment. She found all these cool exercises that promised to take away her pain.

After trying them out for three days she was feeling much worse.

After saying enough is enough she booked a virtual Dr visit and after a quick movement scan she was referred to Physiotherapy for tendinitis of her rotator cuff.

She looked again on google and found us close to her home in Vaughan.

Her Physiotherapist did an in-depth evaluation of her movement including her neck and elbow and confirmed the tendinitis.

We recommended a treatment plan with some home exercise program for her level of injury.

The inflammation around the shoulder improved considerably after doing a few in-clinic sessions.

She got better after 4 weeks of treatment

Physiotherapy can treat a large number of injuries.

These 6 tend to be the most common injuries physical therapy can treat.

1. Ankle Sprains

Ligaments are strong bands of fibrous connective tissue that connect bones together. An ankle sprain occurs when a ligament has been stretched, damaged or ruptured.
The most common mechanisms of ligament sprains include twisting, tripping or when contacted by a strong force. Ankle sprains usually happen after a slip or fall or during contact sports. A good example is when basketball players jump for a layup and land on their opponent’s foot with the foot and ankle twisting to the outside. They can also happen when they are driving to the basket hard and their opponent fouls them from behind and lands on their foot turning it excessively outwards or inwards

Prevention

Although we can’t prevent contact related sprains we can prevent fatigue induced poor neuromuscular pattern ankle sprains by:
● Tuning up your positional awareness with balance exercise
● Stretching tight muscles of the calves regularly
● Practicing quick acceleration and deceleration drills controlling your foot position without opponents
● Practicing quick direction changes to simulate game scenarios

2. Sciatica

Sciatica is the presence of pain in the lower extremities of the thigh, leg, and buttock. Our lower body is supplied by a large nerve known as the sciatic nerve, which is formed from a bunch of smaller nerves leaving the spinal cord.

Once the small nerves unite, the sciatic nerve moves through the buttock, thigh and the leg to supply the region. It can get pressed against any underlying structures like bones or joints along its course through the lower body, which causes the pain in Sciatica.

Prevention

● Practice proper lifting techniques
● Keep lower body as flexible as possible with daily stretching
Move often as our nerves like movement and do not like being in the same position for long periods of time

3. Knee Pain

Knee pain is a common complaint that affects people of all ages. Knee pain is often associated with general wear and tear from daily activities.
It also may be the result of an injury, such as a ruptured ligament or torn cartilage. Some medical conditions such as arthritis and gout can also cause knee pain.

Prevention
● Maintain a healthy diet to minimize inflammation
● Change position often knees like that
● Squat deep and often to lubricate the joints
● Stretch tight knee, hip, and ankle muscles daily

4. Rotator Cuff Injuries

The rotator cuff consists of a group of muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder joint. These muscles and tendons help to keep the head of the humerus in the shoulder socket. Injuries to the rotator cuff are very common and the risk of them occurring increases with age. Rotator cuff injuries are common in people who have jobs/athletes that require repeated overhead movements such as carpenters, painters, tennis players, swimmers, and volleyball players.

Prevention
● Exercise and strengthen the muscles that surround the shoulder joint (supraspinatus, and infraspinatus, subscapularis, teres minor)
● Maintain proper posture
● Avoid sleeping directly on your shoulder or with your shoulder over your head
● Avoid or limit repetitive overhead movements if possible

5. Hamstring Strains

Hamstring strains, often referred to as ‘pulling a hamstring’ occur when the muscles are overloaded or stretched too far, causing them to tear. There are different grades of strains. Grade 1 is defined as mild damage to the muscle with minimal loss in strength and motion, grade 2 causes damage, but not a complete tear and a grade 3 strain is a complete rupture of the muscle or tendon. Hamstring strains can be quite painful and are commonly seen in activities that require a lot of running and jumping or sudden stopping and starting.

Prevention
● Sufficient warm up and cool down before and after exercise
● Avoid exercising when overly fatigued
● Strengthen hamstring muscles
● Work on flexibility

6. Tennis Elbow (lateral epicondylitis)

Tennis elbow is another painful, yet common condition. It typically occurs from repetitive movements of the arm and wrist, which causes the tendons in your elbow to become overloaded and inflamed. This leads to pain on the outer part of your elbow. Though common in tennis players, they are not the only people who develop this injury. It is also commonly seen in people with jobs/activities that require overuse of the forearm.
Prevention
● Avoid repetitive tasks if possible. If you cannot, be sure to take plenty of breaks
● Warm up and stretch your forearm prior to activities
● Proper form and technique when lifting heavy
● Learn to use your shoulder and upper arm muscles to take the strain away from your elbow

Physiotherapy Can Help a Lot of Different Injuries

In this article, we’ve only scratched the surface of the different types of injuries that Physiotherapy can help. If you don’t exercise much or you aren’t used to stretching, it’s always best to speak with a physiotherapist first about any injury or pain you’re experiencing.

● BOOK AN APPOINTMENT: our easy-to-use website allows you to book your own appointments. Choose a time that is most convenient to you to come in to see one of our amazing physiotherapists @ Sportedgephysio.janeapp.com
● Not sure yet ? Have a look at what our clients are saying
● FREE 10 minute telephone consultation with one of our physiotherapists.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Do I need a Doctor referral before my appointment with my physiotherapist?

No, you don’t but if it is recommended to bring any reports on scan imagery you may have done as well as a copy of any prescription you are currently taking.

What can I expect for my first appointment with my Physiotherapist?

Your physiotherapist will first conduct an initial assessment which includes questions about your injury and some testing, such as ROM testing, manual muscle testing, flexibility, etc. Once they have done their assessment, they will also do a treatment session which may include manipulations and exercises. The whole process takes about an hour.

Will Physiotherapy quickly fix my pain?

Depending on the injury, Physiotherapy can offer immediate pain relief. Ultimately, the goal is long-term pain reduction and to decrease the likelihood of another injury from occurring, which takes time.

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